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Researchers have found differences in strains of the herpes simplex viruses, or HSV, which may lead to the development of more accurate diagnostic tests and possibly a vaccine for oral and genital herpes.After existing tests for HSV proved to be significantly inaccurate while testing patients in East Africa, researchers sought to understand the different strains of HSV1, which causes cold sores, and HSV2, which causes genital herpes, in order to create a better test.Say the word "herpes" and most people think of the sexually transmitted disease genital herpes.But herpes is actually the name of a family of viruses, which includes the cold sore virus (HSV-1), genital herpes (HSV-2), infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr Virus), chicken pox and shingles (varicella zoster virus).These viruses blend into the DNA of genes after they infect, especially in the nerves.They try to force the body to make copies of them so they can spread to other people. When one's immune system is weakened, the virus finds a path to the skin and leaks out in tiny blisters. Pain, burning or unusual tenderness of the skin may begin between one to several days before a recurrence.
Herpes simplex infection is painful, embarrassing and often, will reappear again and again.
HSV2 is more rare than HSV1, however it also has been shown in studies to make people more susceptible to getting the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV.
The current test was made based on the genomic sequencing of European strains of HSV. "Because HSV2 enhances HIV transmission, we have been testing people across East Africa for genital herpes, but everybody was coming up positive," said Dr.
Doctors refer to the infection commonly known as "herpes" as herpes simplex.
The herpes simplex virus can cause sores anywhere on a person's skin.